Foot Disorders: Understanding Bunion Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

There are different problems and disorders associated with foot pain. One of the primary ones that you should consider if you have been experiencing discomfort in your lower extremities is bunions. Basically, a bunion is a disorder that is characterised by a bony protruding feature at the big toe base. It can also affect the little toe, but this is a less common occurrence. The deformity occurs when the joint of the toe is dislocated and pushed outward from the natural alignment. If you suspect that you have this condition, you should consider consulting a podiatrist for assessment. Moreover, consider this information on the causes, symptoms and treatment options for bunions to help you understand the disorder better.


Bunions develop as a result of mild foot joint deformity, but the precise cause can vary widely. In some cases, the disorder develops due to hereditary factors. Therefore, if your family members have bunions, you might experience the same problem. Bunions can also develop as a result of abnormal foot function, particularly in young people. In simple terms, if the foot is exposed to irregular load bearing, muscle imbalance and toe joint strain, it will push out the toe joints. The condition is also associated with some congenital foot disorders, diseases like arthritis and even foot injuries and general trauma. Additionally, some factors such as ill-fitting shoes and high-heeled alternatives can accelerate bunions.


The most obvious sign of bunions is the unnatural bump that forms at the toe base joint. You might also notice that the skin in this area is thickening and that corns and calluses keep forming. Bunions do not require specialised medical treatment if the problem is mild. However, if you are experiencing intermittent or persistent pain, visit a podiatrist. It is also wise to take this action if the bump is considerably prominent, and you have problems finding a shoe that can accommodate the bunion. In addition, you might face restricted toe movement and inflammation as the disorder develops

Treatment Options

The ideal treatment for your bunions will depend on the severity of the disorder when you consult the physician. The podiatrist will assess the condition of your foot through visual processes and even x-ray imaging. If the bunion is not developed or there is no significant pain, conservative treatments can alleviate your discomfort. These include mild painkillers, ice application, taping or splinting and changing footwear. Severe cases will require surgical intervention. This often involves realigning the toe bones and removing swollen tissues and the damaged bones.